The NAMA facility selected climate change mitigation projects in China, Kenya and Colombia to receive support.
During a side-event on COP21 in Paris the NAMA Facility announced to support a transport project in Kenya, a project on integrated waste management in China and a project in Colombia aiming at transforming the domestic refrigeration sector. The newly selected gun safe projects add to the portfolio of the NAMA Facility that now comprises twelve NAMA Support Projects.
The NAMA facility aims at supporting developing countries and emerging economies in tackling climate change through implementation of transformational country–led NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions). The NAMA Facility funds projects – so called NAMA Support Projects – that support the implementation of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA). The board of donors of the NAMA Facility is composed of the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change, the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety, the Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate and the European Commission.
Third call for funding
In the 2015 round of competition for funding the NAMA Facility again received an impressive number of project ideas. The outlines received and the projects finally selected for support by the NAMA Facility in 2015 reflect a large coverage of sectors targeted in the applications received as well as a broad regional diversity of submitting countries. Three ambitious project ideas have been selected for in-depth appraisal because they potentially trigger profound changes in the targeted sectors, framed as transformational change towards a low-carbon development. The NAMA Facility supports project designs that combine two components, a technical and a financial, and focus on actual mitigation action. See listed 2015 applications by country and sector here.
Kenya – Mass Rapid Transport System for Nairobi
The Kenyan project aims to support Kenya’s first Mass Rapid Transport (MRT) NAMA. The NAMA is designed to provide modal alternatives and aims to shift significant shares of individual travel to commuter rail and a new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) towards a sustainable urban mobility system. The project will also provide partial financing for rolling stock to allow poverty oriented tariff schemes within a private business model.
The project envisages creating political support and public acceptance. It plans to ensure support and participation of key stakeholders for the BRT business concept, which includes private matatu and taxi businesses as potential shareholders as well as employees.
Sustainable development co-benefits expected are health benefits as well as less stress and time savings due to reduced air and noise pollution, less traffic jams and fewer accidents.
China – Integrated Waste Management
The project plans to set up integrated waste management systems in three municipalities to showcase how integrated waste management and waste-to-energy can be operated as profitable business cases.
The project potentially reduces direct GHG emissions in three municipalities between 210,000 and 400,000 t CO2e per year depending on waste composition and technologies applied.
The project aims at capitalizing significant Chinese investments going into the waste sector by adding best available practices for integrated waste management in three pilot cities. It intends to increase capacity of sector stakeholders and offer policy advice to the Chinese government to reduce existing market barriers. The project further focuses on replicating the showcases. As all other NAMA Support Projects the Chinese project design comprises a financial and technical component. In this case, however, while the latter is funded by the NAMA Facility, the former is completely financed by the Chinese government.
Sustainable development co-benefits expected are reduced leakage induced groundwater pollution and improved food safety due to reduced feeding of unhygienic waste to livestock and the integration of “waste pickers” as qualified waste sector workers through appropriate training approaches.
Colombia – NAMA for the domestic refrigeration sector
The project aims at the complete transformation of the domestic refrigeration sector to climate friendly, energy efficient appliances, distribution of the green fridges within the country and environmentally friendly recycling of old fridges.
The phase-in of new fridges and the proper waste management within the project period results potentially in GHG emissions reduction of 16.8 Mt CO2e over the lifetime of the equipment, and an annual reduction of around 3.8 Mt CO2e by 2030 – which is a 50% reduction from the business as usual (BAU) scenario in this sector.
The project will address and support a ban on hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), the application of Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) in the domestic refrigeration sector, a production line conversion using hydrocarbon refrigerants instead of HFC and changed product design to improve energy efficiency. Furthermore it supports the introduction of an innovative replacement program and the implementation of a sustainable extended producer responsibility scheme requiring producers and importers to safely dispose used domestic refrigerators.
Sustainable development co-benefits expected are amongst others increased education and employment, increased economic competitiveness and decreased negative environmental impacts.